Rote Überlebenskünstler in Salzlagunen

Abstract

Halobacterium is adapted to high salt concentrations of 5 M NaCl and
even survives in salt crystals for hundreds of years. Bacteriorhodopsin,
gas vesicles, and halophilic enzymes are specific traits used for biotechnological
purposes. As archaeon, Halobacterium shows eukaryotic
features in transcription, translation and replication. The microbe gained
more than 1.000 metabolic genes from bacteria enabling heterotrophic
growth in oxygen containing environments.

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